Zimbabwe has long prioritized food and nutrition security as a multi-sectoral response. In 1995, the Government of Zimbabwe established a taskforce to recommend sustainable solutions to the persistent and growing problem of hunger and malnutrition in Zimbabwe. A Policy Framework document was prepared and in 1998. Cabinet agreed to a national consultative process to transform the Policy Framework into a national Food and Nutrition Security Policy (FNSP), whereinafter, to FNC in the year 2001.
Its work provides guidance for a practical way forward for fulfilling existing national commitments such as:
- The Government of Zimbabwe has made commitments and sets itself national targets through Sustainable Development Goals. Of particular relevance, the Government has committed itself to ‘End Hunger, Achieve Food Security and Improved Nutrition and Promote Sustainable Agriculture’ as described by SDG 2. Other SDGs, such as those aimed at eliminating poverty, promoting access to quality education and enhancing gender equality, remain central.
- Government recently launched the Transitional Stabilisation Programme (TSP)-2018-2020 in a bid to boost economic recovery. The TSP strives to operationalise Vision 2030 which seeks to transform Zimbabwe to become a middle-income country by 2030. The vision places economic development at its core and aims to attain an improved quality of life for all citizens (urban and rural).
- Zimbabwe is signatory to the legally binding International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). According to article 11 of the ICESCR, “every human being has the right to adequate food and the fundamental right to be free from hunger’
- FNC, mandated by the Government, developed a National Food and Nutrition Security Policy through a broad consultative process and it was launched in 2013. The goal of the policy is “promote and ensure adequate food and nutrition security for all people at all times in Zimbabwe, particularly amongst the most vulnerable, and in line with our cultural norms and values and the concept of rebuilding and maintaining family”. The policy commits Government to seven priority areas to ensure food and nutrition security.
Today, the FNC is at the helm of facilitating dialogue and advocacy on food and nutrition issues between Government and development partners through multi-stakeholder platforms. The outputs from these engagements are critical in informing policy formulation, implementation and monitoring.